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Exelixis Announces FDA Approval of CABOMETYX (Cabozantinib) Tablets for Patients with Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have Received Prior Anti-Angiogenic Therapy
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The approval of CABOMETYX is based on results of the phase 3 METEOR trial, which met its primary endpoint of improving progression-free survival. Compared with everolimus, a standard of care therapy for second-line RCC, CABOMETYX was associated with a 42 percent reduction in the rate of disease progression or death. Median progression-free survival for cabozantinib was 7.4 months versus 3.8 months for everolimus (HR=0.58, 95% CI 0.45-0.74, P<0.0001). CABOMETYX also significantly improved the objective response rate compared with everolimus. These data were presented at the European Cancer Congress in September 2015 and published in The New England Journal of Medicine.As announced in February 2016, CABOMETYX also demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful increase in overall survival in the METEOR trial. Compared with everolimus, CABOMETYX was associated with a 34 percent reduction in the rate of death. Median overall survival was 21.4 months for patients receiving CABOMETYX versus 16.5 months for those receiving everolimus (HR=0.66, 95% CI 0.53-0.83, P=0.0003).The most common (frequency ≥25 percent) adverse reactions in CABOMETYX-treated patients include diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite, hand-foot syndrome, high blood pressure, vomiting, weight loss, and constipation. Dose reduction rates were 60 percent for CABOMETYX and 24 percent for everolimus. The rate of treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions was low (10 percent in each arm) and consistent with that previously reported for everolimus.
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Apr 25, 2016
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Related Keywords Cabometyx, Cabozantinib, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Anti-angiogenic Therapy, Rcc